US States With Legal Sports Betting
There are many US states with legal sports betting in there legislation following the repeal of the 1992 Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act, better known as PASPA. Now sports betting operations are able to operate in several states. These sportsbooks offer full-service sports betting to all residents and tourists alike. Full-service means these sportsbooks offer a Las Vegas-style betting experience with all the betting lines, odds, wagers, and wager types that would be found in Las Vegas. With the repeal of PASPA, residents in many states are able to wager on sporting events without having to buy a plane ticket and head to Sin City. New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Colorado, Illinois, and many more have already garnered there booming sports betting market following the fall of PASPA. Sports betting will only continue to grow as more and more states approve regulated sports betting in their legislation.
Thanks to PASPA, many state economies were placed squarely behind the 8-ball but consider the numbers involved and you’ll understand how abjectly disastrous PASPA was – and why the future is so bright. In the simplest terms, US sports bettors are estimated to wager astronomical amounts of money each year, with plausible research pegging the annual American sports betting handle at $300-$400 billion. Without a system in place to tax sportsbook revenue, the dramatic majority of that action went (and continues to go) untaxed. In the quarter-century that PASPA was in effect, the US state and federal governments have lost – by multiple reliable accounts – more than a trillion dollars. Thankfully, with states now able to engineer their own rules and regulations regarding sports betting, something can start to be done about that massive shortfall.
How The Supreme Court Ruling Affects US Sports Betting
The repeal of PASPA in May 2018 was a watershed moment in sports betting history. It allowed states to make their own decisions when it comes to the legality and regulation of online sports betting as well as land-based. A total of 26 states and Washington D.C. have fully functional launched and regulated sports betting industries, and there are 10 on the way working out the kinks in their regulatory systems. The federal restrictions on sports betting are gone, but it takes time to develop a regulatory framework for managing an industry as large as sports betting. Overall, the repeal of PASPA has been great for sports betting and saw over half of the country move forward with sports betting in under 3 years.
States With Legalized Sports Betting
Following the repeal of PASPA, many states have begun legalizing domestic sports betting. Now there are 27 states (and Washington D.C.) that offer sports betting to residents and tourists alike. These states range in terms of what they actually offer. Some states have only land-based sports betting, most have both land based and online, and some have only online wagering. With these states already seeing a major boom in revenue from legal sports betting, the number of states with legal sports betting is only expected to increase in the coming years.
Sports betting in Colorado was approved on November 5, 2019, but did not officially launch until just before the 2020 NFL season. Colorado offers tons of different land-based and online sportsbooks to offer.
On May 25, 2021, Ron DeSantis and the Seminole Tribe of Florida agreed to a gaming compact. This compact was thrown out by a federal judge after Florida launched sports betting, bringing the Sunshine State back to square one.
Louisiana sports betting is live with both retail and mobile sports betting available. Sports betting can only be accessed in 55 of the 64 parishes that voted in favor of legal sports betting.
Maryland voters approved Maryland voters approved sports betting on November 3, 2020. Retail sportsbooks went live in December 2021 with mobile expected sometime in 2022, hopefully before the 2022 NFL season betting begins.betting on November 3, 2020. The MD sports betting industry is expected to launch sometime in 2021.
Michigan sports betting was signed into law in December of 2019 but did not launch until March 2020. Land-based and online sportsbooks are permitted and can be found at commercial and tribal casinos.
Mississippi sports betting launched in August of 2018. Outside of Nevada, Mississippi has some of the most sportsbooks of any regulated sports betting state - but are located in only a few areas like Biloxi.
HB 275 was signed off in Montana in 2019. In March 2020, sports betting officially launched for those 18 and older. With hundreds of sports betting taverns to choose from, those is Montana also have online betting.
What was once the only state to have sports betting is now fighting to stay known as the biggest gambling state. With hundreds of sportsbooks, Nevada has been able to pull in over $300 million in revenue.
New Hampshire offers online and mobile sports betting which was signed off in July 2019. It officially launched in December of 2019 with no in-state college betting or college betting of any kind if it is played in state lines.
New Jersey was the main reason that PASPA was overturned in 2018 and led the way to offer sports betting. They offer both land-based and online sports betting with mobile betting seeing 90% of the action.
Sports betting in New Mexico was born in an unconventional way having not gone through state laws. After sports betting was left off of the tribal compact, some tribal reservations took that as an opportunity to offer sports betting on their own.
New York saw sports betting become legal way back in 2013 when voters approved of it in four casinos. Mobile sports betting went live in January 2022 and New York is already looking like it will be the biggest mobile sports betting market yet.
North Carolina approved of sports betting in July 2019 and officially launched on March 18, 2021. There are currently just two retail sportsbooks in North Carolina - both Harrah's properties in Murphy and Cherokee.
North Dakota sports betting was passed in September and later launched in October 2020. The 4 Bears Sportsbook in New Town was the first but operators run based on local tribes going live rather than legislative changes.
Oregon launched their sports betting market as a part of the PASPA overturn on August 27, 2019. They offer both land-based and online sportsbooks but betting on college sports can only be done in person at tribal casinos.
Pennsylvania launched its sports betting market in 2018 with just land-based locations. Later on, in 2019, online and mobile sports betting followed suit. Now, Pennsylvania leads the industry in tax revenue collected from sports betting.
Rhode Island sports betting launched on November 26, 2018. Both land-based and mobile sports betting are offered to those 18 and older. Betting on local college team isn't allowed at any of the three RI sportsbooks.
November 1, 2020, marked the day that sports betting launched in Tennessee. Their laws only allow for state-wide online and mobile sports betting, though - the first state to launch regulated sportsbooks without any ties to a casino.
Lawmakers signed off on sports betting in Virginia on July 1, 2020, and launched in January of 2021. They offer their bettors both online and retail sportsbooks and even expanded their entire gambling industry in the process.
In December of 2018, the Washington D.C. council voted 11-2 in favor of online and mobile sports betting. Their online betting app is geo-fenced into the D.C. borders and some even have a certain-neighborhood radius.
August 2018 is when land-based sports betting launched in West Virginia. Mobile and online sports betting did not launch until 2020. While a small issue arose early, West Virginia have sailed smoothly as one of the first legal sports betting states.
HB 0133 was signed off on and has launched on September 1, 2021. They are offering an online only platform with up to five operators able to obtain licenses. They are regulated by the Wyoming Gaming Commission.
States Where Sports Betting Is Legal But Currently Unavailable
There are, unfortunately, a fair few of these states. Generally speaking, the situation these states find themselves in is that they have legalized the concept of sports betting, but have not installed infrastructure or legislative framework for it. The good news is that many of these states are working on installing the said framework and infrastructure to get sports betting up and running as soon as possible. So, ideally, many of these states will soon be moving from this section to the section above!
States That Will Legalize Sports Betting In The Near Future
About three-quarters of states have entered into debates about sports betting legalization at the congressional level – some more seriously than others. In some regions, sports betting is championed largely by Democrats, while in others it seems squarely in the domain of Republican lawmakers. Naturally, the states where such initiatives had the best chance to pass were those that had wide bipartisan support.
However, from the actions of the legislative sessions of 2019, 2020, and 2021, we can see which states took sports betting more seriously than others. Expect to see another handful of states in 2022 legalize sports betting including Massachusetts, Kansas, Kentucky, Ohio, Missouri and a few others as well. Certainly, not all of these states will pass sports betting laws but they are far more likely to do so than states like Hawaii, Utah, Idaho, and Alaska.
States With Legal Sports Betting Bills Pending In 2021
With the 2021 session in full swing for most states, there are new states that could possibly legalize online sportsbooks this year. These bills could be any number of steps away from potential legalization as there are many hurdles to jump for a bill to become a law. With a handful of states left for the hope of 2021 passage, there is no doubt that well over half of the United States will have legalized the activity of sports betting. The following states have active bills in 2021 to put online sports betting into law.
- Alabama - AL HB 161, SB 214
- Arizona - HB 2772, SB 1797
- Connecticut - CT SB 146
- Florida – FL Senate Bill 392
- Georgia – GA House Bill 570
- Hawaii - HB 736
- Kansas - KS SB 84
- Kentucky - KY HB 241
- Massachusetts - MA MA Bill SD 177
- Minnesota - MN SF 410
- Mississippi - MS SB 2396
- Missouri - MO SB 18, MO SB 217, MO SB 256
- Nebraska - LB 560
- New Mexico - NM HB 10
- Texas - TX HB 1121
Betting At International Sportsbooks In The US
Regardless of the sports betting regulations in your state, you have the option to bet on sports at international sportsbooks. These online sportsbooks provide full-service sports betting to players in states whose legislatures have been slow on the uptake. They can be used even in states with state-sanctioned sportsbooks and sometimes offer better odds on local teams. When using these sportsbooks, make sure to keep apprised of the law, as some states specify age restrictions that must be followed. However, any betting restriction put forth by regulators (like not betting on local college sports teams) does not have to be followed with online sportsbooks as they have different regulatory bodies. This along with being able to bet on your phone no matter you location make using international sportsbooks a little better overall.
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Why International Sportsbooks Are Legal To Use
What makes international sportsbooks legal regardless of individual state legislation is the fact that they operate overseas. These sportsbooks are not affected by US legislation and there are no US laws that outright banned them. In addition, money garnered from betting on sports at international betting sites are considered taxable income. Sports bettors are still required to submit their winnings when filling out their taxes. If the federal government is still collecting taxes from international sportsbooks, then that’s further proof that it is entirely legal to bet on sports at international sportsbooks.
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