US States With Legal Sports Betting

There are many US states with legal sports betting in there legislation following the repeal of the 1992 Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act, better known as PASPA. Now sports betting operations are able to operate in several states. These sportsbooks offer full-service sports betting to all residents and tourists alike. Full-service means these sportsbooks offer a Las Vegas-style betting experience with all the betting lines, odds, wagers, and wager types that would be found in Las Vegas. With the repeal of PASPA, residents in many states are able to wager on sporting events without having to buy a plane ticket and head to Sin City. New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Colorado, Illinois, and many more have already garnered there booming sports betting market following the fall of PASPA. Sports betting will only continue to grow as more and more states approve regulated sports betting in their legislation.

Thanks to PASPA, many state economies were placed squarely behind the 8-ball but consider the numbers involved and you’ll understand how abjectly disastrous PASPA was – and why the future is so bright. In the simplest terms, US sports bettors are estimated to wager astronomical amounts of money each year, with plausible research pegging the annual American sports betting handle at $300-$400 billion. Without a system in place to tax sportsbook revenue, the dramatic majority of that action went (and continues to go) untaxed. In the quarter-century that PASPA was in effect, the US state and federal governments have lost – by multiple reliable accounts – more than a trillion dollars. Thankfully, with states now able to engineer their own rules and regulations regarding sports betting, something can start to be done about that massive shortfall.

How The Supreme Court Ruling Affects US Sports Betting

The repeal of PASPA in May 2018 was a watershed moment in sports betting history. It allowed states to make their own decisions when it comes to the legality and regulation of online sports betting as well as land-based. A total of 26 states and Washington D.C. have fully functional launched and regulated sports betting industries, and there are 10 on the way working out the kinks in their regulatory systems. The federal restrictions on sports betting are gone, but it takes time to develop a regulatory framework for managing an industry as large as sports betting. Overall, the repeal of PASPA has been great for sports betting and saw over half of the country move forward with sports betting in under 3 years.

States With Legalized Sports Betting

Following the repeal of PASPA, many states have begun legalizing domestic sports betting. Now there are 27 states (and Washington D.C.) that offer sports betting to residents and tourists alike. These states range in terms of what they actually offer. Some states have only land-based sports betting, most have both land based and online, and some have only online wagering. With these states already seeing a major boom in revenue from legal sports betting, the number of states with legal sports betting is only expected to increase in the coming years.

Arizona

In April 2021, sports betting in Arizona was signed off on by Governor Doug Ducey. The bill allows for both land-based and mobile sports betting.

Arkansas

Arkansas

Arkansas sports betting was approved on the state’s ballot in November of 2018. It officially launched on July 1, 2019, with both land-based and online mobile sports betting as well.

Colorado

Colorado

Sports betting in Colorado was approved on November 5, 2019, but did not officially launch until just before the 2020 NFL season. Colorado offers tons of different land-based and online sportsbooks to offer.

Connecticut

In June 2021, governor, Ned Lamont, signed off on HB 6451. The bill is allowing for both retail and online sports betting in the state.

Delaware

Delaware

Delaware took advantage of PASPA to get their sports betting rolling back in 2018. Online and mobile sports betting is legal but not yet launched.

Florida

On May 25, 2021, Ron DeSantis and the Seminole Tribe of Florida agreed to a gaming compact. The compact will allow for Seminole-run retail and online sports betting.

Illinois

Illinois

Sports betting in Illinois launched at the start of the COVID-19 pandemic in early 2020. They offer both online and land-based sports betting excluding betting on in-state colleges.

Indiana

Indiana

Both retail and online sports betting in Indiana launched on September 1, 2019. Betting on both professional and college sports are permitted except for college prop betting.

Iowa

Iowa

August 15, 2019, is the date that sports betting launched in Iowa. In-person registration for online sports betting was required until 2021. There is no betting on in-state college allowed.

Louisiana

Louisiana sports betting is on the horizon with 55 of 64 parishes voting in favor of sports betting. Louisiana is set to launch just land-based sports betting.

Michigan

Michigan

Michigan sports betting was signed into law in December of 2019 but did not launch until March 2020. Land-based and online sportsbooks are permitted and can be found at commercial and tribal casinos.

Mississippi

Mississippi

Mississippi sports betting launched in August of 2018. Outside of Nevada, Mississippi has some of the most sportsbooks of any regulated sports betting state - but are located in only a few areas like Biloxi.

Montana

Montana

HB 275 was signed off in Montana in 2019. In March 2020, sports betting officially launched for those 18 and older. With hundreds of sports betting taverns to choose from, those is Montana also have online betting.

Nevada

Nevada

What was once the only state to have sports betting is now fighting to stay known as the biggest gambling state. With hundreds of sportsbooks, Nevada has been able to pull in over $300 million in revenue.

New Hampshire

New Hampshire

New Hampshire offers online and mobile sports betting which was signed off in July 2019. It officially launched in December of 2019 with no in-state college betting or college betting of any kind if it is played in state lines.

New Jersey

New Jersey

New Jersey was the main reason that PASPA was overturned in 2018 and led the way to offer sports betting. They offer both land-based and online sports betting with mobile betting seeing 90% of the action.

New Mexico

New Mexico

Sports betting in New Mexico was born in an unconventional way having not gone through state laws. After sports betting was left off of the tribal compact, some tribal reservations took that as an opportunity to offer sports betting on their own.

New York

New York

New York saw sports betting become legal way back in 2013 when voters approved of it in four casinos. Mobile sports betting in New York was recently approved, helping residents get away from traveling upstate.

North Carolina

North Carolina approved of sports betting in July 2019 and officially launched on March 18, 2021. There are currently just two retail sportsbooks in North Carolina - both Harrah's properties in Murphy and Cherokee.

North Dakota

North Dakota sports betting was passed in September and later on launched in October of 2020. The only land-based location is at the Four Bears Casino in New Town but is looking to expand rapidly.

Oregon

Oregon

Oregon launched their sports betting market as a part of the PASPA overturn on August 27, 2019. They offer both land-based and online sportsbooks but betting on college sports can only be done in person at tribal casinos.

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania launched its sports betting market in 2018 with just land-based locations. Later on, in 2019, online and mobile sports betting followed suit. Now, Pennsylvania leads the industry in tax revenue collected from sports betting.

Rhode Island

Rhode Island

Rhode Island sports betting launched on November 26, 2018. Both land-based and mobile sports betting are offered to those 18 and older. Betting on local college team isn't allowed at any of the three RI sportsbooks.

South Dakota

South Dakota sports betting was voted in favor of on November 3, 2020. The sportsbooks in South Dakota that will launch will be in Deadwood.

Tennessee

Tennessee

November 1, 2020, marked the day that sports betting launched in Tennessee. Their laws only allow for state-wide online and mobile sports betting, though - the first state to launch regulated sportsbooks without any ties to a casino.

Virginia

Virginia

Lawmakers signed off on sports betting in Virginia on July 1, 2020, and launched in January of 2021. They offer their bettors both online and retail sportsbooks and even expanded their entire gambling industry in the process.

Washington

Washington

Lawmakers in Washington signed off on sports betting on March 25, 2020. Washington will offer both land-based and online sports betting.

Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C.

In December of 2018, the Washington D.C. council voted 11-2 in favor of online and mobile sports betting. Their online betting app is geo-fenced into the D.C. borders and some even have a certain-neighborhood radius.

West Virginia

West Virginia

August 2018 is when land-based sports betting launched in West Virginia. Mobile and online sports betting did not launch until 2020. While a small issue arose early, West Virginia have sailed smoothly as one of the first legal sports betting states.

Wisconsin

Lawmakers in Wisconsin have signed off on land-based sports betting in early July 2021. They will be looking to launch by the start of the NFL season.

Wyoming

HB 0133 was signed off on and has launched on September 1, 2021. They are offering an online only platform with up to five operators able to obtain licenses. They are regulated by the Wyoming Gaming Commission.

States Where Sports Betting Is Legal But Currently Unavailable

There are, unfortunately, a fair few of these states. Generally speaking, the situation these states find themselves in is that they have legalized the concept of sports betting, but have not installed infrastructure or legislative framework for it. The good news is that many of these states are working on installing the said framework and infrastructure to get sports betting up and running as soon as possible. So, ideally, many of these states will soon be moving from this section to the section above!

Maryland

Maryland voters approved sports betting on November 3, 2020. The MD sports betting industry is expected to launch sometime in 2021.

Nebraska

LB 561 was signed on May 27, 2021, to allow for retail sportsbooks to enter Nebraska. They are targeting a launch sometime before the 2021 NFL season.

States That Will Legalize Sports Betting In The Near Future

About three-quarters of states have entered into debates about sports betting legalization at the congressional level – some more seriously than others. In some regions, sports betting is championed largely by Democrats, while in others it seems squarely in the domain of Republican lawmakers. Naturally, the states wh ere such initiatives had the best chance to pass were those that had wide bipartisan support.

However, fr om the actions of the legislative sessions of 2019, 2020, and 2021, we can see which states took sports betting more seriously than others. Expect to see another handful of states in 2022 legalize sports betting including Massachusetts, Kansas, Kentucky, Ohio, Missouri and a few others as well. Certainly, not all of these states will pass sports betting laws but they are far more likely to do so than states like Hawaii, Utah, Idaho, and Alaska.

States With Legal Sports Betting Bills Pending In 2021

With the 2021 session in full swing for most states, there are new states that could possibly legalize online sportsbooks this year. These bills could be any number of steps away from potential legalization as there are many hurdles to jump for a bill to become a law. With a handful of states left for the hope of 2021 passage, there is no doubt that well over half of the United States will have legalized the activity of sports betting. The following states have active bills in 2021 to put online sports betting into law.

Betting At International Sportsbooks In The US

Regardless of the sports betting regulations in your state, you have the option to bet on sports at international sportsbooks. These online sportsbooks provide full-service sports betting to players in states whose legislatures have been slow on the uptake. They can be used even in states with state-sanctioned sportsbooks and sometimes offer better odds on local teams. When using these sportsbooks, make sure to keep apprised of the law, as some states specify age restrictions that must be followed. However, any betting restriction put forth by regulators (like not betting on local college sports teams) does not have to be followed with online sportsbooks as they have different regulatory bodies. This along with being able to bet on your phone no matter you location make using international sportsbooks a little better overall.

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Why International Sportsbooks Are Legal To Use

What makes international sportsbooks legal regardless of individual state legislation is the fact that they operate overseas. These sportsbooks are not affected by US legislation and there are no US laws that outright banned them. In addition, money garnered from betting on sports at international betting sites are considered taxable income. Sports bettors are still required to submit their winnings when filling out their taxes. If the federal government is still collecting taxes from international sportsbooks, then that’s further proof that it is entirely legal to bet on sports at international sportsbooks.

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